Cultural Heritage is an expression of the ways of living developed by a community and passed on from generation to generation, including customs, practices, places, objects, artistic expressions and values.
Cultural Heritage is often expressed as either Intangible or Tangible.
Being part of human activity, it produces tangible representations also of the value systems, beliefs, traditions and lifestyles.
As an essential part of culture as a whole, it contains these visible and tangible traces form antiquity to the recent past.
Therefore, it is a wide concept. We prefer to concentrate on the similarities between the various heritage sectors, instead of on their differences.
Cultural Heritage types
They can be distinguished in:
- Built Environment (Buildings, Townscapes, Archaeological remains)
- Natural Environment (Rural landscapes, Coasts and shorelines, Agricultural heritage)
- Artefacts (Books & Documents, Objects, Pictures)
Driving force behind all definitions of Cultural Heritage is:
it is a human creation intended to inform (John Feather, 2006).
Tangible & Intangable Heritage
In fact, the concept has gradually come to include even more new categories.
So, today, we find that heritage is not only manifested through tangible forms such as artefacts, buildings or landscapes but also through intangible forms.
Intangible heritage, as a matter of facts, includes voices, values, traditions, oral history.
Acrually, this is perceived through cuisine, clothing, forms of shelter, traditional skills and technologies, religious ceremonies, performing arts, storytelling.
Today, in fact, we consider the tangible heritage inextricably bound up with the intangible heritage. In conservation projects we aim to preserve both the tangible as well as the intangible heritage.
The Heritage Cycle diagram gives us an idea how we can make the past part of our future. In a clockwise direction the wedges and arrows read:
- understanding (cultural heritage): people value it
- valuing it: people want to care for it
- caring for it it will help people enjoy it
- From enjoying it comes a thirst to understand
This year at #MFR19 , in fact, an entire section will be dedicated to Art and Cultural Heritage together with The Italian Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Activities and we are – cosequentially – expecting also your project on this issue! This one of the reason why we extended the Calls to the 8 of July in order to gather the largest number of projects on this topic.
So, without further ado … submit your project here!